About Ufa city

General information


The Aghidel river.

The city of Ufa — is a large industrial, scientific and cultural centre of the country — is located in the East of Europe. Ufa city is the capital and administrative center of Bashkortostan Republic, Russia. Ufa is in the list of Russian twelve largest cities with population over one million people.


Ufa is an important transport, logistic and scientific city. Ufa city is situated about 1360 km to the southeast of Moscow. The city lies approximately 100 km West of the ancient Ural Mountain ridges. Major industrial cities such as Samara, Kazan, Yekaterinburg, Chelyabinsk, Orenburg are located in the immediate vicinity of Ufa. The capital of Bashkortostan lies upon a peninsula, occupying an elevated plateau encompassed from the three sides by the Aghidel (the Belaya), the Ufa and the Dyoma rivers. As in the whole of the Urals, the climate here is continental, but somewhat milder than in Yekaterinburg and Perm. Winters are normally snowy and cold and summers are hot.


Nature endowed this land with unique beauty. Here, side by side with the mountain ridges are beautiful lowlands stretching far and wide. Large expenses of the steppe alternate with thick wild forests. The charm of the landscape is accented by numerous rivers and lakes, so plentiful in this region. Different kinds of wild animals and birds inhabit this land. Both vegetation and wildlife are extremely rich and diverse here. The beauty of the Bashkirian nature is known far beyond the borders of the republic. People from different corners of the country come here to travel on horses, sledges, pontoons or to have walking tours to majestic places of the magnificent scenery.

History


Salavat Ylaev monument.

The magnificent natural scenery of Ufa and its surroundings depends on the city's location in the forest and steppe zone and rivers. It is not surprising, therefore, that the beauty of the land was noticed by people of the ancient past. Archaeologists have discovered remains of the primitive man settlements on the site of the present-day city. Following the collapse of the Kazan Khanate, Bashkiria voluntarily joined the Muscovite Russian State, the Bashkirs approached Tsar Ivan the Terrible with a request to construct a fortress to protect the land. In summer 1574, a detachment of Russian streltsi (privileged military corps) laid the foundation of a fortress on the high right bank of the Aghidel river. It was a fortress constructed by the order of Russian Tsar Ivan IV. Later, in 1586, the settlement received status of the town. The original name of the settlement was Tura-Tau after the name of the hill it was standing on. The present name “Ufa” meaning “small” in Turkic language was used by local people and later became the official name of the city.

Ufa grew into large trading and cultural center of Russia in the 18th century and became the capital city of Bashkiria region of Russia in 1802. After the discovery of oil in Bashkiria area Ufa city became a large oil extracting and refining center.


The republic is one of the largest industrial centers thanks to the availability of valuable minerals, raw materials. This land is fabulously rich in natural resources. However, the major wealth here is oil.


In 1941–42 more than 40 industrial enterprises were shifted to Ufa. During the war years Ufa became one of the major cities with a multi-industrial economy. In 1949 the Council of Ministers of the republic endorsed the Master Plan for Reconstruction and Development of the capital of Bashkortostan. That date may be considered as the starting point of the present-day Ufa. The city of today consists of a number of detached districts stretching from SW to NE for more than 30 miles occupying the area of approximately 180 sq. mi. The central and the longest (over 6 mi) street in Ufa — October Avenue — link the northern and the southern parts of the city. The city population is over 1,100,000 people. The largest ethnical groups include Russians (55,5%), Bashkirians (10,7%) and Tatars (27,9%). During 9—10 July 2015 Ufa hosted summits of the BRICS group and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation.

Economy

National Bank of Bashkortostan

According to Forbes Ufa is the best city in Russia for business among cities with population over one million.
Industry
Many urban enterprises engaged in oil refining, chemistry, mechanical engineering reside in Ufa. Additionally, the economy of Ufa is composed of many fuel, energy and engineering complexes.
The value of goods, services, and manufacturing in Ufa totaled 185.0 billion rubles in 2009 ((DB regions of the Volga district))
Ufa is home to about 200 large and medium industrial enterprises.


Industry
Many urban enterprises engaged in oil refining, chemistry, mechanical engineering reside in Ufa. Additionally, the economy of Ufa is composed of many fuel, energy and engineering complexes.
The value of goods, services, and manufacturing in Ufa totaled 185.0 billion rubles in 2009 (DB regions of the Volga district)
Ufa is home to about 200 large and medium industrial enterprises.

Religion

 
Lyalya Tyolpan Mosque and Cathedral of the Nativity of the Theotokos.
 The main religious confessions in the city are Islam (Sunni) and Orthodox Christianity.

Major sights

State academic drama theater named after M. Gafuri.

Bashkir state academic drama theater named after M. Gafuri
Established as early as 1919, went on its first tour to Petrograd (Petersburg) already in 1922. In 1935 the theater was awarded the title “Academic”, in 1970 it was given the Red Labor Banner Order, and in 1971 it was named after the prominent Bashkirian writer M. Gafuri. The repertoire of the theater is formed on the basis of national, foreign and Russian classics as well as modern multi-genre drama works.


Russian academic drama theater of Bashkortostan
The first theater in Ufa was established in 1861 under the initiative of S. Aksakova, the wife of Ufa Governor. This event started the tradition of Ufa theatrical life and became the origin of Russian Drama Theater in Bashkortostan, whose aesthetics from the very beginning was based on the traditions of Russian school of theater. The repertoire of the theater includes dramatic works of Russian and foreign authors, both classic and contemporary. Great attention is given by the theater to the dramatic works of Bashkirian playwrights — M. Karim, K. Dayan, S. Miftakhov, B. Bikbay, I. Yumagulov. G. Shafikov. In 1998 the theater was awarded the title “Academic”. The theater is in the constant dynamic process of artistic search and actively experiments on the stage: the success in 2000 goes to the “Power of Flies” play by the modern author L. Salver directed in a rough and laconic way by the French director Sophie Rappnaud.


State opera and ballet theater.

Bashkir state opera and ballet theater 
The theater was established in 1938. Over a hundred plays of foreign, Russian and Bashkirian classics and modern authors have been staged in the theater. In 1999 for the first time in the theater's history its opera company, choir and orchestra participated in the Sixth International Opera and Ballet Festival in Aspendos (Turkey) with leading theater's soloists — S. Askarov, Ya.Abdulmanov, R. Khabibullin. L. Akhmetzyanova, R. Khambaleeva taking part. To the traditional events that take place in the theater belong the “Shalyapin's Evenings” Opera Festival and Ballet Festival in remembrance of Rudolph Nureev that acquired the status of international in 1999. The theater also hosted International Vocal Singers Contest named after M. Glinka and Opera Festival “Irina Arkhipova presents”.


Bashkir state puppet theater.

Bashkir state puppet theater
Ufa Puppet Theater was established in 1932. Renamed later (in 1937) into Bashkir State Puppet Theater, it did not close even during the difficult years of Great Patriotic War, giving its performances before the soldiers of Karelian Front. The repertoire is made up by Bashkir and Russian fairy tales as well as classics of Russian, Tatar and Bashkir literature: A. Pushkin, M. Lermontov, N. Gogol, A. Chekhov, G. Tukay, M. Karim, etc. Based on the best traditions of Russian theater, enriched by mutual influence of Russian and Bashkir cultures, the activities of Bashkir Puppet Theater is original and dynamic in its development. Today the theater's repertoire features over 40 plays different in genre: fairy-tales, musicals, game-plays, epic works, lyrical comedies, dramas, tragedies. The arsenal of the company is made up by different types and systems of puppets: glove, stick, map-case, masks, and tentatively — fantoccini. The theater is the prize- and diploma-winner of international contests and festivals, and in 1989 after the tour around India with the “Indian Legend” play (authors N.Guseva and S. Potabenko) it was awarded Javakharlal Neru International Prize.


National symphonic orchestra.

National symphonic orchestra of Bashkortostan Republic
The orchestra was established in 1992 under the initiative of its artistic leader and leading conductor Tagir Kamalov. In no time it mastered the repertoire of a significant scope (from old madrigals to the works of the authors of the Twentieth century) and became one of the leading symphonic orchestras in Russia. Collaborating with Bashkirian composers, the orchestra serves as a “laboratory” to create modern national symphonic music. The conductor T. Kamalov worked successfully with orchestras from Poland, Switzerland, Japan, Russia. Such famous conductors as R. Martynov (St. Petersburg), A. Vakulsky (Netherlands), D. Yosts (Latvia), Lin Tao (China) performed with National Symphonic Orchestra of Bashkortostan. In 1997 the camera part of the orchestra participated in the Twelfth International Symphonic Music Festival in Tunis. National Symphonic Orchestra is the initiator of many festival programs: “Christmas Meetings”, “The Orchestra Invites”, “Festival of Symphonic and Choir Music” that have won the love and popularity among the audience.


National museum of Bashkortostan Republic.

National museum of Bashkortostan Republic
The museum was established in 1864 as Ufa Provincial museum. Today the museum's objective is to collect, keep, study and promote among the citizens the monuments of history, material and spiritual culture of the peoples of Republic. The museum keeps over 120 thousand exhibits in stock: archaeological items, huge collection of items from Bashkir ethnography, precious stones collection, wooden items, documents and photographs that entered the fund of written sources as well as paintings and coins collections. The National Museum system combines 55 museums, located in different cities, towns and regions of Bashkortostan. The museum conducts significant research, scientific and promoting work. It hosts scientific seminars and conferences, publishes books on ethnography and history.


Bashkir state art museum named after M.V. Nesterov
102 paintings presented by famous Russian painter Mikhail Nesterov to Ufa, his hometown, were transported from Moscow to Ufa in 1919. Here you can find old Russian icons, works of Russian masters of 19–20 Centuries — I. Aivazovsky, I. Levitan, A. Savrasov, I. Repin, V. Perov, M. Vrubel, V. Serov, N. Rerikh, A. Benoit and others. The Museum takes pride in exhibiting the works of M. Nesterov — over 90 items of painting and graphics — the biggest collection in Russia. The foreign exhibition displays the works of A. Kanaletto, J-P Pannini, N. Lancre, K-G Verne, L. Backheizen as well as graphics by A. Durer, J-B Piranesi, F. Bartolotti, etc. Representatives of Bashkir national art add to the splendor of the show: the works of the first Bashkirian artists K. Devletkildeev, A. Lezhnev, M. Yelgashtina, A. Tyulkin.

Gallery